Industry 5.0

AI, also known as Artificial Intelligence, is still a newborn child that is becoming aware of the environment that surrounded by, literally. Even if concept of Artificial Intelligence is present from 1950s and at that time it was described as “astonishing” computer that can learn check strategy, prove logical theorems and speak English. From 1950s until now AI has improved by a lot, and when I say “a lot” I mean, if space program from 1960s was improving at a same rate we could already talk about where in “Proxima Centaury system” we would like to spend our next summer, yes, of course that this is exaggeration, but the improvement is huge, about 200000 times “huge” by comparing possibilities of UNIVAC I computer and the latest High-End (still desktop CPU, not server one) AMD Ryzen Threadripper 1950X. As we can see from the comparison of “Instructions per second” of the mentioned devices, possibilities of AI have drastically increased over last 60-70 years, but did we managed to use these capabilities and to learn AI how govern our daily routines, and overtake all of the jobs that had to be done by a men 60-70 years ago, well, no, not even close, but there are implications, enormous scientific desire backed with huge financial support to change this. But who would benefit mostly from this?  

How it all started 

It is true that “well developed” AI could benefit us in every segment of our lives, from resolving administration tasks, making right and “on-time” investments on stock markets or correctly forecasting weather, possibilities with AI are almost limitless, but only one profession segment could use AI to its full potential, to automate all of the processes, to increase efficiency to 100% and completely remove human labor, and that profession segment is Industry, Industry 5.0 to be exact.  

If we look back to the development history of the Industry, we always wanted to increase efficiency, and to increase efficiency we had to remove inefficient “parts” of industry processes, and the most inefficient “part” was human, but also most important one, since it was only part of the industry chain that can understand, adjust and change things when needed (we will get back on this). Industry started to develop very simple (by today’s standards) by using machines powered by, steam or water, “not to shabby” someone would say, but it still doesn’t remove human labor, it only increases speed, and by increased speed production we increase efficiency. Next step was to introduce electricity, which enabled mass production and from this point things will only get “worse” for humans, since everything, when electricity was introduced and implemented, still had to be made by human, which will drastically change by introducing robots automated through computers, “something that was made by human now it is made by robots and 1000 times faster” – Welcome to Industry 3.0/4.0.  

From the beginning, using robots in “traditional” Manufacturing/Industry proved that robots can preform simple tasks that humans did in the past, doing it faster, more reliable, more precise and what is more important extremely more efficient, since robot could have 10 hands that were doing same job instead of 2, robot could do 100 operations at once while human was limited on 1 at the time, which finally proved to us all that human is no match for artificially  created robot.  At that point everything started to change, computers which are interface of communication between human and robot were improved dramatically, systematically and functionally, with every day, robots kept replacing humans, performing even more complicated tasks, better, with the precision that can measured in nanometers, but still human is one that controls it all, but that is about to change. 


“Our Final Invention”  

Now I will get back at the begging of 3rd paragraph, where I said that we need people, to understand, to think, to adjust, to change etc…, But do we?! 

As it was mentioned in a non-fictional book by the American author James Barrat “Our Final Invention”, AI – Artificial Intelligence is the last invention that humans will ever made, since it is Intelligence plus it is Artificial, it needs no rest or sleep, it is meant to grow and to improve by every second, after it starts it way to perfect itself it will not need human hand anymore. In short period of time it can acquire any skill or gain the level of knowledge that would take human numerous years of training or learning.  It does not sound so impressive/scary (depend on how you are looking on it) when you are just reading/listening about it, but seeing robot that can paint beautiful pictures, just by looking at another artwork, makes you to start wondering.   


Industry 5.0 

As you could guess, every single sentence in this article led to this final question.  

How will Industry 5.0 look like?” 

Some of the people likes to believe that Industry 5.0 will stop on a perfect synergy between human and AI. That the human and AI will perfectly collaborate, to create most efficient and “labor friendly” solution for all of us, the perfect balance between human ingenuity backed with machine help but on bigger scale than we have currently have in the industry 4.0, and I have to say those people are talking nonsense, because all of the Industry development started with one premise on mind, and that is “REVOLUTION” – as “Industrial Revolution” that occurred with Industry 1.0. Main purpose of revolution, whether that be revolution against political ideology or industrial processes, is to change things from the foundations in benefit of few or many. We did not implement electricity, to have one production line powered by steam or water and one by electricity, or like we did not start to use robots to have humans in between doing same job as robot, and of course we are getting back to the main point of fully AI driven industry, and Industry in general and that is efficiency. Everyone can argue why we will or we won’t adopt fully AI driven Industry, but one point will give final answer, and that is money. Why would anyone pay for “Supply Chain Manager” 100.000 $ per annum, when you can have AI that will cost you once (probably lot less than yearly salary), will make 100% correct decisions about purchasing inventory or finding right shipping and warehousing solutions, always reaching for maximum profitability since it will be powered by “internet of things” that will enable AI to make perfect decision in split second, it won’t take vacations, neither will leave company or retire, except if CPU that runs AI dies, which can be easily replaced by backup AI. Industry won’t need engineers or designers since the products will be adjusted through customers feedback and by ever learning AI, improved even more by every iteration. There won’t be need to hire new people, only to expand production, and in order to open a new business, one will “only” need to buy/create premade factory, with its own robot workforce, that is going to be govern, not by CEO, but with CAI. 

To conclude, “Industrial Revolution 5.0” will change everything, not just from what we do, and how do to but who we are also.  

“Where are we going next after AI is implemented in our daily lives?!”, Well, that won’t be on us to decide. 


Author: David Cerkezovic

Contact: dcerkezo@s-gsg.com